Birds of India

Checklist of Birds
Kolkata City


Compiled by
Sumit K Sen
Last updated 2014

R - regular resident; r - sparse resident; W - regular winter visitor; w - sparse winter
s - summer visitor; P - regular passage migrant; p - sparse passage migrant
v - vagrant; e - possible escapee; f - possibly feral; E - locally extinct


Swamp Francolin E r Francolinus gularis 1
Common Quail w Coturnix coturnix 1
Rain Quail r Coturnix coromandelica 1
Blue-breasted Quail r Coturnix chinensis 1
Indian Peafowl f Pavo cristatus
Fulvous Whistling-duck w Dendrocygna bicolor
Lesser Whistling-duck R Dendrocygna javanica
White-headed Duck v Oxyura leucocephala 2
Greylag Goose w Anser anser 1
Bar-headed Goose w Anser indicus 1
Ruddy Shelduck w Tadorna ferruginea 1
Common Shelduck p Tadorna tadorna
Comb Duck w Sarkidiornis melanotos
Cotton Pygmy-goose r Nettapus coromandelianus
Gadwall W Anas strepera
Falcated Duck v Anas falcata
Eurasian Wigeon w Anas penelope
Mallard w Anas platyrhynchos 1
Spot-billed Duck r Anas poecilorhyncha 1
Baikal Teal v Anas formosa
Common Teal w Anas crecca
Garganey W Anas querquedula
Northern Shoveler W Anas clypeata
Northern Pintail W Anas acuta
Red-crested Pochard w Rhodonessa rufina
Common Pochard w Aythya ferina
Ferruginous Pochard w Aythya nyroca
Baer's Pochard v Aythya baeri 1
Tufted Duck W Aythya fuligula
Red-breasted Merganser v Mergus serrator 1
Yellow-legged Buttonquail r Turnix tanki
Barred Buttonquail r Turnix suscitator
Small Buttonquail r Turnix sylvatica 5
Eurasian Wryneck w Jynx torquilla
Rufous Woodpecker R Celeus brachyurus
Brown-capped Pygmy Woodpecker r Dendrocopos nanus 1, 3
Fulvous-breasted Woodpecker R Dendrocopos macei
Yellow-crowned Woodpecker r Dendrocopos mahrattensis 1, 2
Streak-throated Woodpecker r Picus xanthopygaeus
Black-rumped Flameback R Dinopium benghalense
Greater Flameback R Chrysocolaptes lucidus
White-naped Woodpecker r Chrysocolaptes festivus 2
Brown-headed Barbet r Megalaima zeylanica 3, 4
Lineated Barbet R Megalaima lineata
Blue-throated Barbet R Megalaima asiatica
Coppersmith Barbet R Megalaima haemacephala
Common Hoopoe W Upupa epops
Indian Roller R Coracias benghalensis
Common Kingfisher R Alcedo atthis
Brown-winged Kingfisher r Halcyon amauroptera 1
Stork-billed Kingfisher R Halcyon capensis
White-throated Kingfisher R Halcyon smyrnensis
Black-capped Kingfisher w Halcyon pileata 1, 3
Collared Kingfisher r Todiramphus chloris 3
Pied Kingfisher r Ceryle rudis
Green Bee-eater R Merops orientalis
Blue-tailed Bee-eater p Merops philippinus
Chestnut-headed Bee-eater p Merops leschenaulti
Pied Cuckoo s Clamator jacobinus
Chestnut-winged Cuckoo p Clamator coromandus 3, 4
Large Hawk Cuckoo w Hierococcyx sparverioides
Common Hawk Cuckoo R Hierococcyx varius
Hodgson's Hawk Cuckoo v Hierococcyx fugax
Indian Cuckoo p Cuculus micropterus
Eurasian Cuckoo p Cuculus canorus
Lesser Cuckoo p Cuculus poliocephalus
Banded Bay Cuckoo r Cacomantis sonneratii 1
Grey-bellied Cuckoo p Cacomantis passerinus
Plaintive Cuckoo r Cacomantis merulinus
Drongo Cuckoo p Surniculus lugubris
Asian Koel R Eudynamys scolopacea
Greater Coucal R Centropus sinensis
Lesser Coucal r Centropus bengalensis
Alexandrine Parakeet f Psittacula eupatria
Rose-ringed Parakeet R Psittacula krameri
Plum-headed Parakeet r Psittacula cyanocephala
Red-breasted Parakeet f Psittacula alexandri
Asian Palm Swift R Cypsiurus balasiensis
Fork-tailed Swift r Apus pacificus 1, 4
House Swift R Apus affinis
Barn Owl R Tyto alba
Oriental Scops Owl w/p Otus sunia
Collared Scops Owl r Otus bakkamoena
Rock Eagle Owl r Bubo bengalensis 1
Brown Fish Owl r Ketupa zeylonensis
Spotted Owlet R Athene brama
Brown Hawk Owl r Ninox scutulata
Short-eared Owl w Asio flammeus 4
Large-tailed Nightjar R Caprimulgus macrurus
Indian Nightjar r Caprimulgus asiaticus 2
Savanna Nightjar ? Caprimulgus affinis 1, 3
Rock Pigeon R Columba livia
Oriental Turtle Dove w Streptopelia orientalis
Laughing Dove r Streptopelia senegalensis 1
Spotted Dove R Streptopelia chinensis
Red Collared Dove r Streptopelia tranquebarica 3
Eurasian Collared Dove R Streptopelia decaocto
Emerald Dove r Chalcophaps indica
Orange-breasted Green Pigeon r Treron bicincta
Pompadour Green Pigeon r? Treron pompadora
Thick-billed Green Pigeon v Treron curvirostra
Yellow-footed Green Pigeon R Treron phoenicoptera
Slaty-legged Crake r Rallina eurizonoides
Slaty-breasted Rail w Gallirallus striatus
Water (Brown-cheeked) Rail w Rallus aquaticus indicus
Brown Crake r Amaurornis akool 1, 2
White-breasted Waterhen R Amaurornis phoenicurus
Baillon's Crake W Porzana pusilla
Spotted Crake w Porzana porzana 2, 5
Ruddy-breasted Crake w Porzana fusca
Watercock s Gallicrex cinerea
Purple Swamphen R Porphyrio porphyrio
Common Moorhen r Gallinula chloropus
Common Coot w Fulica atra
Eurasian Woodcock w Scolopax rusticola
Wood Snipe w Gallinago nemoricola 1, 4
Pintail Snipe w Gallinago stenura
Swinhoe's Snipe w Gallinago megala
Common Snipe W Gallinago gallinago
Jack Snipe w Lymnocryptes minimus 1, 4
Black-tailed Godwit w Limosa limosa 1
Whimbrel w Numenius phaeopus
Eurasian Curlew w Numenius arquata 1
Spotted Redshank w Tringa erythropus 1
Common Redshank w Tringa totanus 3
Marsh Sandpiper w Tringa stagnatilis 3
Common Greenshank w Tringa nebularia
Green Sandpiper w Tringa ochropus
Wood Sandpiper W Tringa glareola
Terek Sandpiper w Xenus cinereus 3
Common Sandpiper W Actitis hypoleucos
Asian Dowitcher w Limnodromus semipalmatus 1, 2
Spoon-billed Sandpiper w Calidris pygmea 2
Little Stint w Calidris minuta
Temminck's Stint w Calidris temminckii
Long-toed Stint w Calidris subminuta 1, 2
Curlew Sandpiper w Calidris ferruginea
Broad-billed Sandpiper w Limicola falcinellus
Ruff w Philomachus pugnax 4
Red Phalarope v Phalaropus fulicaria 2
Greater Painted-snipe r Rostratula benghalensis
Pheasant-tailed Jacana r Hydrophasianus chirurgus
Bronze-winged Jacana R Metopidius indicus
Eurasian Thick-knee r Burhinus oedicnemus 2
Black-winged Stilt w Himantopus himantopus
Pied Avocet p Recurvirostra avosetta
Pacific Golden Plover w Pluvialis fulva
Grey Plover w Pluvialis squatarola 1
Common Ringed Plover w Charadrius hiaticula 1, 3
Little Ringed Plover w Charadrius dubius
Kentish Plover w Charadrius alexandrinus
Yellow-wattled Lapwing r Vanellus malarbaricus 1, 2
River Lapwing r Vanellus duvaucelii 1
Grey-headed Lapwing w Vanellus cinereus
Red-wattled Lapwing r Vanellus indicus
White-tailed Lapwing w Vanellus leucurus 2
Oriental Pratincole s Glareola maldivarum
Small Pratincole p Glareola lactea
Pallas's Gull w Larus ichthyaetus
Brown-headed Gull w Larus brunnicephalus 1, 2, 3
Black-headed Gull w Larus ridibundus
Gull-billed Tern w Gelochelidon nilotica 1, 3
River Tern r Sterna aurantia 1, 4
Common Tern p Sterna hirundo 4
Sooty Tern v Sterna fuscata
Whiskered Tern w Chlidonias hybridus
White-winged Tern w Chlidonias leucopterus 1, 3, 4
Osprey w Pandion haliaetus
Black Baza pE Aviceda leuphotes 1
Oriental Honey-buzzard R Pernis ptilorhyncus
Black-shouldered Kite r Elanus caeruleus
Black Kite R Milvus migrans
Brahminy Kite r Haliastur indus
Pallas's Fish Eagle E r Haliaeetus leucoryphus 1, 3
Grey-headed Fish Eagle r Ichthyophaga ichthyaetus
White-rumped Vulture R Gyps bengalensis
Slender-billed Vulture E r Gyps tenuirostris 1, 2
Crested Serpent Eagle R Spilornis cheela
Eurasian Marsh Harrier w Circus aeruginosus
Hen Harrier w Circus cyaneus 1, 3
Pied Harrier w Circus melanoleucos
Shikra R Accipiter badius
White-eyed Buzzard r Butastur teesa
Long-legged Buzzard rW Buteo rufinus
Black Eagle E r Ictinaetus malayensis 1, 2
Indian Spotted Eagle r Aquila hastata
Greater Spotted Eagle w Aquila clanga
Booted Eagle w Hieraaetus pennatus
Changeable Hawk Eagle r Spizaetus cirrhatus
Common Kestrel w Falco tinnunculus
Red-necked Falcon r Falco chicquera 4
Amur Falcon p Falco amurensis
Eurasian Hobby p Falco subbuteo 5
Oriental Hobby p Falco severus 1
Laggar Falcon E r Falco jugger 1, 5
Peregrine Falcon w Falco peregrinus
Little Grebe r Tachybaptus ruficollis
Great Crested Grebe p Podiceps cristatus
Darter r Anhinga melanogaster
Little Cormorant R Phalacrocorax niger
Indian Cormorant R Phalacrocorax fuscicollis
Great Cormorant W Phalacrocorax carbo
Little Egret R Egretta garzetta
Grey Heron R Ardea cinerea
Purple Heron R Ardea purpurea
Great Egret R Casmerodius albus
Intermediate Egret R Mesophoyx intermedia
Cattle Egret R Bubulcus ibis
Indian Pond Heron R Ardeola grayii
Little Heron Butorides striatus
Black-crowned Night Heron R Nycticorax nycticorax
Yellow Bittern R Ixobrychus sinensis
Cinnamon Bittern R Ixobrychus cinnamomeus
Black Bittern s Dupetor flavicollis
Black-headed Ibis r Threskiornis melanocephalus 3
Eurasian Spoonbill w Platalea leucorodia 1
Spot-billed Pelican E r Pelecanus philippensis 1
Great White Pelican v Pelecanus onocrotalus
Painted Stork e Mycteria leucocephala
Asian Openbill R Anastomus oscitans
Woolly-necked Stork v Ciconia episcopus
Lesser Adjutant v Leptoptilos javanicus
Greater Adjutant E r Leptoptilos dubius 2
Christmas Island Frigatebird v Fregata andrewsi
Indian Pitta p Pitta brachyura
Blue-winged Leafbird r Chloropsis cochinchinensis
Golden-fronted Leafbird r Chloropsis aurifrons 1, 4
Brown Shrike W Lanius cristatus
Bay-backed Shrike r Lanius vittatus
Long-tailed Shrike R Lanius schach
Grey-backed Shrike w Lanius tephronotus
Mangrove Whistler E r Pachycephala grisola 1, 4
Rufous Treepie R Dendrocitta vagabunda
House Crow R Corvus splendens
Large-billed Crow r Corvus macrorhynchos
Ashy Woodswallow R Artamus fuscus
Eurasian Golden Oriole w Oriolus oriolus
Black-naped Oriole w Oriolus chinensis
Black-hooded Oriole R Oriolus xanthornus
Maroon Oriole R Oriolus traillii
Large Cuckooshrike r Coracina macei
Black-winged Cuckooshrike w Coracina melaschistos
Black-headed Cuckooshrike r Coracina melanoptera
Small Minivet r Pericrocotus cinnamomeus
White-throated Fantail R Rhipidura albicollis
Black Drongo R Dicrurus macrocercus
Ashy Drongo W Dicrurus leucophaeus
White-bellied Drongo r Dicrurus caerulescens 3
Crow-billed Drongo r Dicrurus annectans
Bronzed Drongo R Dicrurus aeneus
Spangled Drongo p Dicrurus hottentottus
Lesser Racket-tailed Drongo Dicrurus remifer
Greater Racket-tailed Drongo r Dicrurus paradiseus
Common Woodshrike r Tephrodornis pondicerianus 3
Black-naped Monarch R Hypothymis azurea
Asian Paradise-flycatcher s Terpsiphone paradisi
Common Iora R Aegithina tiphia
Blue-capped Rock Thrush R Monticola cinclorhynchus
Blue Rock Thrush w Monticola solitarius
Orange-headed Thrush R Zoothera citrina
Scaly Thrush w Zoothera dauma
Tickell's Thrush W Turdus unicolor
Eyebrowed Thrush p Turdus obscurus
Dark-throated Thrush vw Turdus ruficollis
Dark-sided Flycatcher w Muscicapa sibirica
Asian Brown Flycatcher p Muscicapa dauurica
Rusty-tailed Flycatcher p Muscicapa ruficauda
Brown-breasted Flycatcher p Muscicapa muttui
Red-throated Flycatcher W Ficedula parva
Verditer Flycatcher w Eumyias thalassina
Blue-throated Flycatcher P Cyornis rubeculoides
Grey-headed Canary Flycatcher R Culicicapa ceylonensis
Siberian Rubythroat w Luscinia calliope
Bluethroat W Luscinia svecica
Indian Blue Robin p Luscinia brunnea
Oriental Magpie Robin R Copsychus saularis
Indian Robin r Saxicoloides fulicata
Black Redstart w Phoenicurus ochruros
Common Stonechat R Saxicola torquata
White-tailed Stonechat r Saxicola leucura 1
Desert Wheatear vw Oenanthe deserti
Spot-winged Starling p Saroglossa spiloptera 1, 2
Chestnut-tailed Starling R Sturnus malabaricus
Brahminy Starling f Sturnus pagodarum
Rosy Starling e Sturnus roseus
Common Starling p Sturnus vulgaris
Asian Pied Starling R Sturnus contra
Common Myna R Acridotheres tristis
Bank Myna r Acridotheres ginginianus
Jungle Myna R Acridotheres fuscus
Chestnut-bellied Nuthatch w Sitta castanea 1
Great Tit R Parus major
Sand Martin r Riparia riparia 1, 4
Plain Martin r Riparia paludicola 1
Barn Swallow W Hirundo rustica
Red-rumped Swallow w Hirundo daurica
Red-whiskered Bulbul R Pycnonotus jocosus
Red-vented Bulbul R Pycnonotus cafer
Bright-headed Cisticola ? Cisticola exilis 4
Zitting Cisticola R Cisticola juncidis
Grey-breasted Prinia r Prinia hodgsonii 1
Yellow-bellied Prinia r Prinia flaviventris
Plain Prinia R Prinia inornata
Oriental White-eye r Zosterops palpebrosus
Asian Stubtail v Urosphena squameiceps
Spotted Bush Warbler v Bradypterus thoracicus 1, 4
Rusty-rumped Warbler w Locustella certhiola
Lanceolated Warbler w Locustella lanceolata
Black-browed Reed Warbler w Acrocephalus bistrigiceps 4
Paddyfield Warbler w Acrocephalus agricola
Large-billed Reed Warbler p Acrocephalus orinus
Blunt-winged Warbler w Acrocephalus concinens
Blyth's Reed Warbler W Acrocephalus dumetorum
Great Reed Warbler w Acrocephalus arundinaceus 1
Oriental Reed Warbler w Acrocephalus orientalis 4
Clamorous Reed Warbler W Acrocephalus stentoreus
Thick-billed Warbler w Acrocephalus aedon
Sykes's Warbler w Hippolais rama
Common Tailorbird R Orthotomus sutorius
Common Chiffchaff w Phylloscopus collybita
Dusky Warbler W Phylloscopus fuscatus
Smoky Warbler w Phylloscopus fuligiventer 1
Sulphur-bellied Warbler w Phylloscopus griseolus 1, 4
Blyth's Leaf Warbler w Phylloscopus reguloides
Hume's Warbler w Phylloscopus humei 2, 3, 4
Yellow-browed Warbler w Phylloscopus inornatus
Greenish Warbler w Phylloscopus trochiloides
Large-billed Leaf Warbler p Phylloscopus magnirostris
Western Crowned Warbler p Phylloscopus occipitalis
Yellow-vented Warbler r Phylloscopus cantator
Golden-spectacled Warbler p Seicercus burkii 2, 3
Striated Grassbird R Megalurus palustris
Bristled Grassbird r Chaetornis striatus
Abbott’s Babbler r Malacocincla abbotti
Puff-throated Babbler R Pellorneum ruficeps
Chestnut-capped Babbler r Timalia pileata 2
Striated Babbler r Turdoides earlei 1, 4
Common Babbler r Turdoides caudatus 4
Jungle Babbler R Turdoides striatus
Lesser Whitethroat w Sylvia curruca
Singing Bushlark ? Mirafra cantillans
Indian Bushlark r Mirafra erythroptera 1, 3
Bengal Bushlark R Mirafra assamica
Ashy-crowned Sparrow Lark r Eremopterix grisea
Bimaculated Lark ? Melanocorypha bimaculata 5
Greater Short-toed Lark p Calandrella brachydactyla
Oriental Skylark R Alauda gulgula
Thick-billed Flowerpecker r Dicaeum agile
Pale-billed Flowerpecker R Dicaeum erythrorynchos
Scarlet-backed Flowerpecker r Dicaeum cruentatum
Purple-rumped Sunbird R Nectarinia zeylonica
Purple Sunbird R Nectarinia asiatica
Loten's Sunbird v Nectarinia lotenia
Little Spiderhunter r Arachnothera longirostra
House Sparrow R Passer domesticus
Forest Wagtail P Dendronanthus indicus
White Wagtail W Motacilla alba
White-browed Wagtail r Motacilla maderaspatensis
Citrine Wagtail w Motacilla citreola citreola
Yellow Wagtail W Motacilla flava
Grey Wagtail w Motacilla cinerea
Richard's Pipit w Anthus richardi
Paddyfield Pipit R Anthus rufulus
Olive-backed Pipit W Anthus hodgsoni
Rosy Pipit r Anthus roseatus
Black-breasted Weaver R Ploceus benghalensis
Streaked Weaver r Ploceus manyar
Baya Weaver R Ploceus philippinus
Finn's Weaver s Ploceus megarhynchus 4
Red Avadavat R Amandava amandava
Indian Silverbill r Lonchura malabarica
White-rumped Munia r Lonchura striata
Scaly-breasted Munia R Lonchura punctulata
Black-headed Munia r Lonchura malacca
Common Rosefinch w Carpodacus erythrinus
Crested Bunting R Melophus lathami
Yellow-breasted Bunting w Emberiza aureola 1

References & sources:

1 A Guide to the Birds of Salt Lake, Calcutta & change detection study (1999) ~ Prakriti Samsad & Wildlife Circle, WB
2 Birds of South Asia - The Ripley Guide ~ Pamela C. Rasmussen
3 Naturalist Vol III 2004 ~ Prakriti Samsad
4 ZSI. (1992) Fauna of West Bengal Part 1
5 Sashikumar, C, Vishnudas, C.K, Raju, S., Vinayan, P.A. & Rajashree, V.V. 2013. A Catalogue of the Birds in the Collection of Trivandrum Museum. The Forests and Wildlife Department and Department of Zoo and Museums, Government of Kerala


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Compiled and created by Sumit K Sen I All rights reserved I Copyright © 2001 - 2017.
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